Quotes from the Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah


Quotes from the Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

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Quotes from the Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Edited by: Sharif Al Mujahid & Liaquat Merchant


A DEMOCRATIC AND ISLAMIC CONSTITUTION FOR PAKISTAN

The constitution of Pakistan has yet to be framed by the Pakistan Constituent Assembly. I do not know what the ultimate shape of the constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principles of Islam. Today, they are as applicable in actual life as they were 1,300 years ago. Islam and its idealism have taught us democracy. It has taught equality of men, justice and fairplay to everybody. We are the inheritors of these glorious traditions…as framers of the future constitution of Pakistan. In any case, Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State – to be ruled by priests with a divine mission. We have many non-Muslims_hindus, Christians, and Parsis – but they are all Pakistanis. They will enjoy the same rights and privileges as any other citizens and will play their rightful part in the affairs of Pakistan.

Broadcast to the people of USA, February 1948.

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ADVICE TO STUDENTS

My young friends, students who are present here, let me tell you as one who has always had love and affection for you, who has served you for ten years faithfully and loyally, let me give you this word of warning; you will be making the greatest mistake if you allow yourself to be exploited by one political party or another….Your main occupation should be – in fairness to yourself, in fairness to your presents, in fairness to the State – to devote your attention to your studies.

Address, Public Meeting, Dacca, 21 March 1948

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BLACK – MARKETING A CRIME

A citizen who does black – marketing commits, I think, a greater crime… These black – marketers are really knowing, intelligent and ordinarily responsible people, and when they indulge in black – marketing, I think they ought to be very severely punished, because they undermine the entire system of control and regulation of ….essential commodities, and cause….starvation and want and even death.

Address, Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, Karachi, 11 August 1947

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CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT TO CHANGE GOVERNMENT

These ministers are, truly speaking, your servants and you are their virtual masters. You have got the key to remove them from their ministerial gaddi, if they no longer remain alive to their responsibilities.

Lahore, 2 April 1944

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CONSTITUTIONALLY ELECTED REPRESENTATIVE
GOVERNMENT FOR PAKISTAN

With the removal of foreign domination, the people are now the final arbiters of their destiny. They have perfect liberty to have by constitutional means any Government that they may choose. This cannot, however, mean that any group may now attempt by any unlawful methods to impose its will on the popularly elected Government of the day. The Government and its policy may be changed by the votes of the elected representatives….
Broadcast, Radio Pakistan, Dacca, 28 March 1948.

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CORRUPTION A CURSE

Corruption is a curse in India and amongst Muslims, especially the so-called educated and intelligentsia. Unfortunately, it is this class that it selfish and morally and intellectually corrupt. No doubt this disease is common, but amongst this particular class of Muslims it is rampant.

M.A. Jinnah to Ispahani, 6 May 1945

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DANGERS OF PROVINCIALISM – SECTIONALISM

So what is the use of saying, ‘We are Bengalis, or Sindhis, or Pathans, or Punjabis.’ “No, we are Muslims. Islam has taught us this, and I think you will agree with me, that whatever else you may be and whatever you are, you are a Muslim. You belong to a Nation now; you have now carved out a territory, vast territory, it is all yours; it does not belong to a Punjabi or a Sindhi, or a Pathan, or a Bengali; it is yours. …..Provincialism has been one of the curse; and so is sectionalism-Shia, Sunni, etc.

It was no concern of our predecessor Government; it was no concern of theirs to worry about it; they were here to carry on the administration, maintain law and order, and to carry on their trade and exploit India as much as they could. But now we are in a different position altogether…..Well, there they were. They had many difficulties. But mind you, their nations were actually in existence and they were great nation; whereas you had nothing. You have got Pakistan only now. But there a Frenchman could say ‘I am a Frenchman and belong to a great nation’, and so on. But what happened?…..
Now I ask you to get rid of this provincialism, because as long as you allow this poison to remain in the body politic of Pakistan, believe me you will never be a strong nation, and you will never be able to achieve what I wish we could achieve.
Speech, Public Meeting, Dacca, 21 March 1948.

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DEMOCRACY, EQUALITY AND LIBERTY – A MUSLIM BELIEF

Democracy is in the blood of Musalmans, who look upon complete equality of manhood [mankind]…[and] believe in fraternity, equality and liberty.

London, 14 December 1946

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DEMOCRATIC REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT IN PAKISTAN

Muslims in Pakistan want to be able to establish their own real democratic popular government. This government will have the sanction…of the people of Pakistan and will function with the will and sanction of the entire body of people in Pakistan, irrespective of caste or colour….

Interview to the Daily Worker, London, 1944.

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DENIAL OF FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND THOUGHT IN KASHMIR

I do hope that immediate steps will be taken by the Paramount Power to intervene and hold an inquiry into the recent occurrences in Kashmir wich have resulted in bloodshed and the ruthless measure of oppression and suppression that have been adopted by the Kashmir Government against the people and the press. From all accounts that I have received, there does not exist in Kashmir any freedom of thought or speech.

11 September 1945

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DUTY OF CIVIL SERVANTS TO THE STATE AND CITIZENS – 1

You have to do your duty as servants; you are not concerned with this or that political party; that is not your business…..You do not belong to the ruling class; you belong to the servants.

Address to Gazetted Officers, Chittagong,
25 March 1948

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DUTY OF CIVIL SERVANTS TO THE STATE AND CITIZENS – 2

Government servants, both Central and Provincial….Yours is a great responsibility. You must ensure that this Province is given, not merely the ordinary routine services that you are bound to perform, but rather the very last ounce of selfless endeavour that you are capable of producing for your State. In the great task of building up this State, you have a magnificent opportunity.

Broadcast, Radio Pakistan, Dacca,
25 March 1948

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DUTY OF CIVIL SERVANTS OF THE STATE AND CITIZENS – 3

You (Civil Officers) should have no hand in supporting this political party or that political party, this political leader or that political leader this is not your business. Whichever government is formed according to the constitution, and whoever happens to be the Primr Minister or Minister coming into power in the ordinary constitutional course, your duty is not only to serve that Government loyally and faithfully, but at the same time, fearlessly maintaining your high reputation.

Informal talk to Civil Officers,
Peshawar, 14 April 1948

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DUTY OF THE ARMED FORCES OF PAKISTAN

Nature’s inexorable law is ‘the survival of the fittest’ and we have to prove ourselves fit for our newly won freedom. You have fought many a battle on the far-flung battlefields of the globe to rid the world of the Fascist menace and make its safe for democracy. Now you have to stand guard over the development and maintenance of Islamic democracy, Islamic social justice and the equality of manhood in your own native soil. You will have to be alert, very alert, for the time for relaxation is not yet there. With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve.

Address to the 5th Heavy Ack Ack and 6th Light
Ack Ack Regiments, Malir, 21 February 1948

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DUTY OF THE GOVERNMENT – 1

You will no doubt agree with me that the first duty of a government is to maintain law and order, so that the life, property, and religious beliefs of its subjects are fully protected by the State.

…if we want to make this great State of Pakistan happy and prosperous we should wholly and solely concentrate on the well-being of the people, and especially of the masses and the poor.

Address, Constituent Assembly of Pakistan,
Karachi, 11 August 1947

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DUTY OF THE GOVERNMENT – 2

The Government can only have for its aim one objective – how to serve the people, how to devise ways and means for their welfare, for their betterment. What other object can the Government have…..?

Address, Public Meeting, Dacca, 21 March 1948

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DUTY TO THE STATE OF PAKISTAN

I naturally welcome your statement that you do not believe in provincialism. You must learn to distinguish between your love for your province and your love and duty to the State as a whole. Our duty to the State takes us a stage beyond provincialism. It demands a broader sense of vision, and (a) greater sense of patriotism. Our duty to the State often demands that we must be ready to submerge our individual or provincial interests into the common cause for common good. Our duty to the State comes first: our duty to our Province, to our district, to our town and to our village and ourselves comes next.

Speech, Islamia College, Peshawar, 12 April 1948

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ECONOMIC INDEPENDENCE AND PROSPERITY

When we first raised our demand for a sovereign and independent State of Pakistan there were not a few false prophets who tried to deflect us from our set purpose by saying that Pakistan was not economically feasible. They painted an extremely dark picture of the future of our State and its financial and economic soundness. The very first bedget presented by you must have caused a shock to those false prophets. It has already demonstrated the soundness of Pakistan’s finance and the determination of its Government to make them more and more sound and strong…..I have no doubt in my mind about the bright future that awaits Pakistan when its vast resources of men and material are fully mobilized. The road that we may have to travel may be somewhat uphill at present but with courage and determination we mean to achieve our objective which is to build up and construct a strong and prosperous Pakistan.

Speech on the occasion of the presentation of new
Pakistani coins and currency notes by the
Finance Minister, 1 April 1948.

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EDUCATIONAL POLICY TOBUILD UP CHARACTER, INTEGRITY, HONOUR AND SERVICE TO THE NATION

If we are to make any real, speedy and substantial progress, we must…bring our educational policy and programme on the lines suited to the genius of our people, consonant with our history and culture, and having regard to the modern conditions and vast development that have taken place all over the world….What we have to do is to mobilize our people and build up the character of our future generation……In short, we have to build up the character of our future generations which means highest sense of honour, integrity, selfless service to the nation, and sense of responsibility, and we have to see that they are fully qualified or equipped to play their part in the various branches of economic life in a manner which will do honour to Pakistan.

Message to All Pakistan Education Conference,
Karachi, 27 November 1947.

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EQUAL TREATMENT AND RIGHTS OF MINORITIES

Minorities to whichever community they may belong, will be safeguarded. Their religion of faith or belief will be secure. There will be no interference of any kind will their freedom of worship. They will have their protection with regard to their religion, faith, their life, and their culture. They will be, in all respects, the citizens of Pakistan without any distinction of caste or creed.

Press Conference, New Delhi, 14 July 1947

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EQUALITY, FRATERNITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS

Brotherhood, equality, and fraternity of man – these are all the basic points of our religion, culture and civilization and we fought for Pakistan because there was a danger of the denial of these human rights in this Subcontinent.

Address, Public Reception, Chittagong,
26 March 1948.

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FAITH, UNITY AND DISCIPLINE

I have no doubt that with unity, faith and discipline we will not only remain the fifth largest State in the world but will compare with any nation of the world….You must make up your mind now. We must sink individualism and petty jealousies and make up our minds to serve the people with honesty and faithfulness. We are passing through a period of fear, danger and menace. We must have faith, unity and discipline.

Reply to North Western Railway Officers
welcome address, Karachi, 28 December 1947

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FEUDALISM – EXPLOITATION OF THE MASSES

I should like to give a warning to the landlords and capitalists who have flourished at our expense by a system which is so vicious, which is so wicked and which makes them so selfish that it is difficult to reason with them. The exploitation of the masses has gone into their blood. They have forgotten the lessons of Islam.

Address, All India Muslim League Session, Delhi,
24 April 1943

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FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION – PROTECT JOURNALISTS

I say, protect the innocent, protect those journalists who are doing their duty and who are serving both the public and the Government by criticizing the Government freely, independently, honestly which is an education for any Government.

Speech on the condition of the Press in India in the
Imperial Legislative Council, 19 September 1918

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FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND EXPRESSION

I want you to keep your heads up as citizens of a free and independent sovereign State. Praise your Government when it deserves. Citicize your Government fearlessly when it deserves, but do not go on all the time attacking, indulging in destructive criticism, taking delight in running down the Ministry or the officials.

Reply to welcome address, Edwardes College,
Peshawar, 18 April 1948

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GOVERNMENT AND INSTITUTIONS TO
FUNCTION FOR THE GOOD OF THE STATE

Representative governments and representative institutions are no doubt good and desirable, but when people want to reduce them merely to channels of personal aggrandizement, they not only lose their value but earn and bad name. We must subject our actions to perpetual security and test them with the touchstone, not of personal or sectional interest, but of the good of the State.

Address at Quetta Municipality, 15 June 1948.

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HONEST AND CONSTRUCTIVE CRITICISM

This is your Government. It is quite different from its predecessor. Therefore, appreciate when a good thing is done. Certainly criticize fearlessly, when a wrong thing is done. I welcome criticism, but it must be honest and constructive.

Address, Edwardes College, Peshawar,
18 April 1948

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ISLAM – DEMOCRACY, EQUALITY, JUSTICE,
FREEDOM, INTEGRITY, FAIRPLAY

Islam and its idealism have taught democracy. Islam has taught equality, justice and fairplay to everybody. What reason is their for anyone to fear democracy, equality, freedom on the highest standard of integrity and on the basis of fairplay and justice for everybody…..Let us make it (the future constitution of Pakistan), We shall make it and we shall show it to the world.

Address, Bar Association, Karachi,
25 January 1948

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ISLAMIC ECONOMIC THEORY AND
PRACTICE TO SUIT PAKISTAN

The adoption of Western economic theory and practice will not help us in achieving our goal of creating a happy and contented people. We must work our destiny in our own way and present to the world an economic system based on the true Islamic concept of equality of manhood and social justice.

Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the State Bank
of Pakistan, Karachi, 1 July 1948

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LAW AND ORDER

Remember that the scrupulous maintenance and enforcement of law and order are the prerequisites of all progress. The tenets of Islam enjoin on every Musalman to give protection to his neighbours and to the minorities regardless of caste and creed.

Speech at University Stadium, Lahore,
30 October 1947

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LIBERTY, FREEDOM AND EQUALITY

You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed – that has nothing to do with the business of the State….We are starting with this fundamental principle: that we are all citizens and equal citizens of one State…..Now, I think we should keep that in front of us as our ideal and you will find that in course of time Hindus would cease to be Hindus and Muslims would cease to be Muslims, not in the religious sense because that is the personal faith of each individual, but in the political sense as citizens of the State.

Address, Constituent Assembly of Pakistan,
Karachi, 11 August 1947

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LOOK AFTER THE POOR

It is your sacred duty to look after the poor and help them. I would never have gone through the toil and suffering for the last ten years had I not felt our sacred duty towards them. We must secure for them better living conditions. It should not be our policy to make the rich richer, but that does not mean that we want to uproot things. We can quite consistently give all their due share.
27 Ramadhan 1366

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MERCHANTS AND TRADERS WELCOME TO BUILD FORTUNES AND PAKISTAN

Traders and merchants will always be welcome and they, in building up their own fortunes, will not forget their social responsibility for a fair and square deal to one and all, big and small. I would like Pakistan to become (a) synonym and hallmark for standar and quality in the market places of the world….May you, as true Pakistanis, help to reconstruct and build Pakistan to reach a mighty and glorious status amongst the comity of nations of the world….

Address, Karachi Chamber of Commerce,
27 April 1948

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MESSAGE TO PAKISTANIS

Work honestly and sincerely and be faithful and loyal to the Pakistan Government. I can assure you there is nothing greater in this world than your own conscience and, when you appear before God, you can say that you performed your duty with the highest sense of integrity, honesty and with loyalty and faithfulness.

Address to Civil Officers of Balochistan, Sibi,
14 February 1948.

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MUSLIMS ARE A NATION – 1

Musalmans are a nation according to any definition of a nation, and they must have their homelands, their territory and their State. We wish to live in peace and harmony with our neighbours as a free and independent people. We wish our people to develop to the fullest our spiritual, cultural, economic social, and political life in a way that we think best, and in consonance with our own ideals and according to the genius of our people.

Presidential Address, 27th Session, All India
Muslim League , Lahore, 22 – 24 March 1940

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MUSLIMS ARE A NATION – 2

We maintain and hold that Muslims and Hindus are two major nations by any definition or test of a nation. We are a nation of a hundred million people, and, what is more, we are a nation with our own distinctive culture and civilization, language and literature, art and architecture, names and nomenclature, sense of value and proportion, legal laws and moral codes, customs and calendar, history and traditions, aptitudes and ambitions – in short, we have our own distinctive outlook on life and of life. By all canons of international law we are a nation.

Jinnah’s reply (17 September 1944) to Gandhi’s
contention (15 September 1944); “I find no parallel
in history for a body of converts and their descendants
claiming to be a nation apart from the parent stock.

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OATH OF ARMED FORCES OFFICE

During may talks with one or two very high-ranking officers I discovered that they did not know the implications of the Oath taken by the troops of Pakistan. Of course, an oath is only a matter of form; what is more important is the true spirit and the heart. But it is an important form and I would like to take the opportunity of refreshing your memory by reading the prescribed oath to you: “I solemnly affirm, in the presence of Alimighty God, that I owe allegiance to the Constitution and the Dominion of Pakistan and that I will as in duty bound honestly and faithfully serve in the Dominion of Pakistan Forces and go within the terms of my enrolment wherever I may be ordered by air, land or sea and that I will observe and obey all commands of any officer set over me….

Address, Staff College, Quetta, 14 June 1948.

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PAKISTAN NOT A THEOCRATIC STATE

The great majority of us are Muslims. We follow the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)….But make no mistake Pakistan is not a theocracy or anything like it. Islam demands from us the tolerance of other creeds and we welcome in closest association with us all those who of whatever creed, are themselves willing and ready to play their part as true and loyal citizens of Pakistan.

Broadcast talk to the people of Australia,
19 February 1948

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PAKISTAN – A – MORAL AND INTELLECTUAL ACHIEVEMENT

We have undoubtedly achieved Pakistan, and that too without bloody war and practically peacefully by moral and intellectual force and with the power of the pen, which is no less mighty than the sword and so our righteous cause has triumphed. Are we now going to besmear and tarnish this greatest achievement for which there is no parallel in the history of the world. Pakistan is now a fait accompli and it can never be undone, besides, it was the only just, honourable, and practical solution of the most complex constitutional problem of this great subcontinent.
Let us now plan to build and reconstruct and regenerate our great nation….Now is the time, chance and opportunity for every Mussalman to make his or her fullest and best contribution and make the greatest sacrifice and work ceaselessly in the service of our nation and make Pakistan one of the greatest nations of the world. It is in your hands, we have undoubtedly talents, Pakistan is blessed with enormous resources and potentialities. Providence has endowed us with all the wealth of nature and now it lies with man to make the best of it.

31 August 1947

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PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP WITH INDIA – 1

I sincerely hope that they (relations between India and Pakistan) will be friendly and cordial. We have a great deal to do….and think that we can be of use to each other (and to) the world.

Press Conference, New Delhi, 14 July 1947

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PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP WITH INDIA – 2

First and the foremost, both Dominions must make all-out efforts to restore peace and maintain law and order in their respective States – that is fundamental. I have repeatedly said that; now that the division of India has been brought about by solemn agreement between the two Dominions, we should bury the past and resolve that, despite all that has happened, we shall remain friends. There are many things which we need from each other as neighbours and we can help each other in diverse ways, morally, materially and politically and thereby raise the prestige and status of both Dominions. But before we can make any progress, it is absolutely essential that peace must be restored and law and order maintained in both the Dominions.

Interview to Reuter’s correspondent, Karachi,
25 October 1947

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PEACE AND PROSPERITY AMONG NATIONS – UPHOLDING PRINCIPLES OF THE UN CHARTER

Our foreign policy is one of friendliness and goodwill towards all the nations of the world. We do not cherish aggressive designs against any country or nation. We believe in the principle of honesty and fairplay in national and international dealings and are prepared to make our utmost contribution to the promotion of peace and prosperity among the nations of the world. Pakistan will never be found lacking in extending its material and moral support to the oppressed and suppressed peoples of the world and in upholding the principles of the United Nation’s Charter.

Broadcast to USA, February 1948.

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PEOPLE’S RIGHT TO PLACE AND
REMOVE GOVERNMENT FROM POWER

It is in your hands to put the Government in power or remove the Government from power, but you must not do it by mob methods. You have the power; you must learn the art to use it; you must try and understand the machinery. Constitutionally, it is in your hands to upset one Government and put another Government in power if you are dissatisfied to such an extent.

Address, Public Meeting, Dacca, 21 March 1948.

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POLITICAL ISSUES CANNOT BE SETTLED BY FORCE

Grave political issues cannot be settled by the cult of the knife, or by gangsterism. There are parties and parties, but the difference between them cannot be resolved by attacks on Party leaders. Nor can political views by altered by the threats of violence.

Eid message, October 1943

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PROTECTION AND RIGHTS OF MINORITIES

Minorities can rest assured that their rights will be protected. No civilized Government can be run successfully without giving minorities a complete sense of security and confidence. They must be made to feel that they have a hand in Government and to do this they must have adequate representation in it. Pakistan will give this.

Interview to APA representative,
Bombay, 8 November 1945.

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QURAN – A GENERAL CODE OF THE MUSLIMS

Everyone, except those who are ignorant, knows that the Quran is the general code of the Muslims. A religious, social, civil, commercial, military, judicial, criminal, penal code, it regulates everything from the ceremonies of religion to those of daily life; from the salvation of the soul to the health of the body; from the rights of all to those of each individual; from morality to crime, from punishment here to that in the life to come, and our Prophet (PBUH) has enjoined on us that every Musulman should posses a copy of the Quran and be his own priest. Therefore, Islam is not merely confined to the spiritual tenets and doctrines or rituals and ceremonies. It is a complete code regulating the whole Muslim society, every department of life, collective (ly) and individually.

Eid message, September 1945

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REALTIONS WITH USA

I am hopeful that good relations and friendship already existing between the peoples of America and Pakistan will be further strengthened and the bonds of friendship between our two countries will be more firmly riveted.

Reply to the US Ambassador’s speech, Karachi,
26 February 1948

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REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT – FRIEND
AND SERVANT OF THE PEOPLE, DUTY TO
MAINTAIN HONOUR, INTEGRITY, JUSTICE AND FAIRPLAY

Those days have gone when the country was ruled by the bureaucracy. It is people’s Government, responsible to the people more or less on democratic lines and parliamentary practice….Make the people feel that you are their servants and friends, maintain the highest standard of honour, integrity, justice and fairplay.

Address to Gazetted Officers, Chittagong,
25 March 1948

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ROLE OF THE OPPOSITION PARTIES

An opposition party or parties are good correctives for any party which is in power.
8 November 1945

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RULE OF LAW, FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS, CIVIL LIBERTIES AND HUMAN RIGHTS

No man should lose his liberty or be deprived of this liberty, without a judicial trial in accordance with the accepted rules of evidence and procedure…the powers which are going to be assumed by the executive, which means substitution of executive for judicial, such powers are likely to be abused, and in the past we have instances where such powers have been abused…there is no precedent or parallel that I know of in any other civilized country where you have laws of this character enacted…it imperils the liberty of the subject and fundamental liberties of a citizen….

Speech on Criminal Law Emergency Powers Bill,
Imperial Legislative Council, 6 February 1919

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SAFEGUARDING THE RIGHTS OF MINORITIES

They will have their rights and privileges and no doubt, along with it goes the obligation of citizenship. Therefore, the minorities have their responsibilities also and they will play their part in the affairs of this State. As long as the minorities are loyal to the State and owe true allegiance…. They need have no apprehension of any kind.

Press Conference, New Delhi, 14 July 1947

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SUPPORT FOR PALESTINIAN STATE

Muslim feelings have been stirred over the issue of Palestine. I know Muslims will not shirk from any sacrifice if required to help the Arabs who are engaged in the fight for their national freedom. You know the Arabs…who are fighting for the freedom of their country, have been described as gangsters, and subjected to all forms of repression…But no nation, no people who are worth living as a nation, can achieve anything great without making great sacrifices, such as the Arabs of Palestine are making. All our sympathies are with those valiant martyrs who are fighting the battle of freedom against usurpers. They are being subjected to monstrous injustices.

Address, All India Muslim League Session, Patna,
26 December 1938

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UNITED FRONT BY MUSLIM STATES

My….message to our brother Muslim States is one of friendship and goodwill. We are all passing through perilous time. The drama of power politics that is being staged in Palestine, Indonesia and Kashmir should serve as an eye opener to us. It is only by putting up a united front that we can make our voice felt in the counsels of the world.

Eid Message, 7 August 1948

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URDU – THE LANGAUAGE FOR PAKISTAN

Urdu (is) a language that has been nurtured by a hundred million Muslims of this subcontinent, a language understood throughout the length and breadth of Pakistan and above all, a language with more than any other provincial language, embodies the best in Islam culture and Muslim tradition….in nearest to the language used in order Islamic countries.

Address, Dacca University Convocation,
24 March 1948

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VISION OF PAKISTAN – I

In Pakistan lies our deliverance, defence and honour…In our solidarity, unity and discipline lie the strength, power and sanction behind us to carry on this fight successfully. No sacrifice should be considered too great. We shall never accept any future constitution on the basis of a united India.

Message on Pakistan Day, 23 March 1945

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VISION OF PAKISTAN – 2

We must get Pakistan at any cost. For it we live and for it we will die. The Mussalmans have to struggle and struggle hard for their honourable existence….you must work and work hard. By doing so you will contribute substantially not only to the honour of ten crores of Muslims but to the crystallization of a free Muslim state of Pakistan where Muslims will be able to offer the ideology of Islamic rule.

Address, Public Meeting, Mardan,
24 November 1945

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VISION OF PAKISTAN – 3

If we want to make this great State of Pakistan happy and prosperous, we should concentrate on the well being of the people, and especially of the masses and the poor. Everyone of you, no matter what his colour, caste or creed, is first, second or last a citizen of this State with equal rights, privileges and obligations….

Address, Constituent Assembly of Pakistan,
11 August 1947

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VISION OF PAKISTAN – 4

The establishment of Pakistan for which we have been striving is, by (the) grace of God, an established fact today, but the creation of a State of our own was the means to an end and not the end in itself. The idea was that we should have a State in which we could live and breathe as free men and which we could develop according to our own rights and culture and where principle of Islamic social justice could find freeplay.

Address to civil and Military Officers of Pakistan
Government, Karachi, 11 October 1947

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VISION OF PAKISTAN – 5

The great ideals of human progress, of social justice, of equality and of fraternity…, constitute the basic causes of the birth of Pakistan and also…(provide) limitless possibilities of evolving and ideal social structure in our State. I reiterate most emphatically that Pakistan was made possible because of the danger of complete annihilation of human soul in a society based on caste. Now that the soul is free to exist and to aspire it must assert itself galvanizing not only the State but also the Nation.

Address, Public Meeting, Chittagong,
26 March 1948

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VISION OF PAKISTAN – 6

Remember we are building up a State which is going to play its full part in the destinies of the whole Islamic World. We, therefore, need a wider outlook an outlook which transcends the boundaries of provinces, limited nationalism, and racialism. We must develop a sense of patriotism which should galvanize and weld us all into one united and strong nation. That is the only way in which we can achieve our goal, the goal of our struggle, the goal for which millions of Mussalmans have lost their all and laid down their lives.

Speech, Islamia College, Peshawar, 12 April 1948

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VISION OF PAKISTAN – 7

The other and higher aspect of Pakistan is that it would be a base where we will be able to train and bring up Muslim intellectuals, educationists, economists, scientists, doctors, engineers, technicians, etc. who will work to bring about Islamic renaissance. They will spread over the Middle East and other Muslim countries to serve their co-religionists and create awakening among them. The entire belt of the Middle East will develop into a solid, cohesive block – a third block which will be neither communistic nor capitalistic but truly socialistic.

Quaid-i-Azam as seen by his contemporaries, by Jamiluddin Alai

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WE ARE MUSLIMS AND PAKISTANIS FIRST

Let me warn you in the clearest terms of the dangers that still face Pakitan…. Having failed to prevent the establishment of Pakistan, thwarted and frustrated by their failure, the enemies of Pakistan have nor turned their attention to disrupt the State by creating a split amongst the Muslims of Pakistan. These attempts have taken the shape principally of encouraging provincialism. As long as you do not throw off this poison (of provincialism) in our body politic, you will never be able to weld yourself, mould yourself, galvanize yourself into a real, true nation. What we want is not to talk about Bengali, Punjabi, Sindhi, Balochi, Pathan, and so on. They are, of course, units. But I ask you; have you forgotten the lesson that was taught to us thirteen hundred years ago? If I May point out, you are all outsiders here. Who were the original inhabitants of Bengal – not those who are now living here. So that is the use of saying, “We are Bengalis, or Sindhis, or Pathans, or Punjabis. No, we are Muslims.

Address, Public Meeting, Dacca, 21 March 1948.

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WOMEN’S RIGHTS

No nation can rise to the height of glory unless your women are side by side with you. We are victims of evil customs. It is a crime against humanity that our women are shut up within the four walls of the houses as prisoners. I do not mean that we should imitate the evils of the Western life. But let us try to raise the status of our women according to our own Islamic ideas and standards. There is no sanction any where for the deplorable conditions in which our women have to live. You should take your women along with you as comrades in every sphere of life, avoiding the corrupt practices of Western society.

Speech, Muslim University Union, Aligarh,
10 March 1944

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